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Сочинение: Alfred Nobel бесплатно рефераты

Сочинение: Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel, the great Swedish inventor and industrialist, was a man on many

contrasts. He made a fortune but lived a simple life, he was cheerful in

company but said in private. A lover of mankind, he never had a family or

wife to love him. He was a patriotic son of his native land and he died on

foreign soil. He invented dynamite, to improve the peacetime industries of

road mining and road building, but he saw it used as a weapon of war to kill

and injured his fellow man. During his life he often felt he was useless. He

was world famous for his works he was never personally well known, for

throughout his life he avoid publicity. But since his death his name brought

fame and glory to others.

He was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1833 but moved to Russia with his

parents in 1842, where his father made a strong position for himself in the

engineering industry. Most of the family returned to Sweden in 1859, where

Alfred rejoined them in 1863, beginning his own study of explosions in his

father’s laboratory. He had never been to school or university but had

studied privately and by the time he was twenty he was a skillful chemist and

excellent linguistics, speaking Swedish, Russian, German, French and English.

He builds up over 80 companies in 20 different countries.

But Nobel’s main concern was never with making money on scientific

discoveries. In youth he had taken a serious interest in literature and

psychology. He was always generous to the poor. His greatest wish was to see

an end of wars and thus peace between nations. His famous will, in witch he

left money to provide prizes for outstanding work in Physics, Chemistry,

Physiology, Medicine, Literature and Peace.